How to Make Fresh Pasta: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Making homemade pasta may seem like a daunting task, but the truth is that it’s easier than you might think. Not only is fresh pasta more delicious and nutritious compared to the store-bought version, but it also allows you to experiment with different shapes and flavors according to your preference. Did you know that in Italy, over 3 million tons of pasta are produced annually? It’s safe to say that pasta has become one of the world’s favorite dishes. In this article, we will show you how to make fresh pasta from scratch step-by-step, even if you’re a beginner. All you need is a handful of ingredients and some equipment that you probably already have in your kitchen. So let’s get started and create your own masterpiece!


Fresh pasta is a delicious and versatile dish that can be enjoyed by everyone. Making your own homemade pasta might seem intimidating at first, but it’s actually easier than you might think. With just a few simple ingredients like flour and eggs, you can create a dough that will transform into silky, flavorful pasta with the help of a rolling pin or a pasta machine.

One great thing about making fresh pasta is that you have complete control over the ingredients. Unlike store-bought pasta which may contain preservatives or additives, homemade pasta allows you to use high-quality flour and fresh eggs for a healthier and more nutritious meal. Additionally, you can customize the texture and shape of your pasta to suit your preferences. Whether you prefer delicate angel hair pasta or hearty fettuccine, you can make it all from scratch.

Another advantage of making your own fresh pasta is the sense of satisfaction and accomplishment that comes with creating something delicious with your own two hands. Rolling and cutting the pasta can be a fun and engaging activity that you can do with friends or family members. And when you sit down to enjoy your meal, you’ll know that you put in the effort to create something truly special.

Overall, making fresh pasta is a rewarding experience that anyone can enjoy. Whether you’re a seasoned cook or a beginner, learning how to make your own dough and pasta is a valuable skill that will serve you well in the kitchen. So why not give it a try? You might just discover a new favorite dish.



Fresh pasta is made with simple, staple ingredients that you probably already have in your kitchen. To make the perfect dough, you’ll need all-purpose flour, eggs, olive oil, and salt.

All-Purpose Flour: This is the most common type of flour used for making pasta. The gluten in all-purpose flour gives the dough its elasticity and chewiness, which is essential for good pasta texture. You can also use semolina flour or a combination of both for a heartier texture.

Eggs: Eggs are the binding agent in the dough and provide richness to the flavor of the pasta. When selecting eggs, it’s important to choose high-quality ones as they will affect the quality of the final product.

Olive Oil: Adding a small amount of olive oil to the dough provides moisture and tenderness. It also helps prevent the dough from sticking to surfaces during kneading and rolling.

Salt: Salt brings out the flavors of the other ingredients and enhances the taste of the pasta. Be careful not to add too much salt as it can overpower other flavors.

In addition to these main ingredients, you can also experiment by adding herbs, spices, or even vegetables like spinach or beetroot to your dough for added color and flavor.

It’s important to note that the quality of your ingredients will directly impact the taste and texture of your pasta. So, always try to use the freshest and highest quality ingredients possible for the perfect homemade pasta.


When it comes to making fresh pasta from scratch, having the right equipment makes all the difference. Here are the essential tools you’ll need to create perfect pasta dough every time:

Rolling Pin: This traditional tool is used to flatten and shape the pasta dough by hand. It’s ideal for creating thinner sheets of pasta, such as lasagna or ravioli.

Pasta Machine: If you’re looking to make a variety of different pasta shapes, investing in a pasta machine is essential. These machines allow you to roll out the dough evenly and to the desired thickness. Plus, they often come with attachments for cutting the pasta into various shapes, such as fettuccine or linguine.

Bowl: While not directly used in the pasta-making process, a bowl is crucial for mixing the ingredients together before kneading the dough. A large mixing bowl is recommended to ensure enough space for the flour and eggs.

Fork: A fork is an essential tool for whisking eggs together when making the pasta dough. It’s also used for combining the flour and eggs and helps to create a cohesive texture.

Having these basic tools on hand will ensure that your homemade pasta turns out perfectly every time. While there are many other tools and gadgets available, these four items are the foundation of any pasta-making kit. And remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to experiment and try new techniques to achieve the perfect texture and flavor.

Making the Dough

Step 1: Combine Ingredients

Step 1: Combine Ingredients

Making fresh pasta is all about getting the right ingredients and learning how to combine them. To make the perfect dough, you’ll need all-purpose flour, eggs, olive oil, and salt.

The type of flour you use will affect the texture and elasticity of your pasta. All-purpose flour is a good option for beginners as it has a lower gluten content compared to other flours. This makes the dough easier to work with and less likely to become tough or rubbery. You can also experiment with different types of flour, such as semolina or durum wheat flour, to create different flavors and textures.

Eggs are an essential ingredient in pasta dough as they provide structure, flavor, and color. For one pound of flour, you’ll need around four large eggs. It’s important to use fresh eggs at room temperature as this will help them to blend better with the flour.

Olive oil adds flavor and moisture to the dough, making it more pliable and easier to roll out. A tablespoon of olive oil per pound of flour is enough to give your pasta a silky texture without making it too oily.

Finally, adding salt to your pasta dough will enhance its flavor and help to regulate the gluten development. A teaspoon of salt per pound of flour is a good starting point, but you can adjust the amount to suit your taste.

To combine the ingredients, create a well in the center of the flour and crack the eggs into it. Add the olive oil and salt, then use a fork to whisk the eggs and gradually incorporate the flour from the sides of the well. Once the dough comes together, knead it for around 10-15 minutes until it becomes smooth and elastic.

By combining these simple ingredients, you’re on your way to creating delicious homemade pasta that will impress your friends and family.

Step 2: Knead the Dough

Kneading the dough is a crucial step in making fresh pasta. This process helps to develop the gluten, which gives the pasta its texture and elasticity. Without proper kneading, your pasta may turn out tough or rubbery.

To start, dust your work surface with flour. Take your dough ball and use the palms of your hands to flatten it into a disc shape. Fold the dough over itself and press down with the heels of your hands. Turn the dough 90 degrees and repeat this process for about 10 minutes.

As you knead the dough, you will notice a change in its texture. At first, the dough will be rough and shaggy. But as you continue to fold and press, it will become smoother and more elastic.

It can be difficult to know when your dough has been kneaded enough, but a good rule of thumb is to stop when it feels soft and pliable. You should be able to stretch the dough without it tearing, and it should bounce back slightly when you poke it.

If you are using a stand mixer with a dough hook, knead the dough on low speed for about 6-8 minutes until it reaches the desired texture.

Remember, good pasta starts with good dough. So take the time to knead your dough properly and you’ll be rewarded with delicious homemade pasta that’s sure to impress.

Step 3: Rest the Dough

Resting the dough is an essential step in making fresh pasta. After kneading, the dough needs time to relax and recover before it can be rolled and cut. This period of resting allows the gluten strands to develop fully, resulting in a more pliable and elastic dough.

Resting the dough also helps prevent tearing or crumbling when rolling it out. Without this important step, the dough may become too tough and difficult to work with.

But how long should you rest the dough? The answer depends on various factors, such as the type of flour used, the room temperature, and the humidity level. In general, the dough should rest for at least 30 minutes, but up to an hour is ideal.

During this time, cover the dough with plastic wrap or a damp cloth to prevent it from drying out. You can also leave it in the refrigerator overnight for even better results, although it will take longer to come to room temperature before rolling.

In terms of relaxation, resting the dough is like taking a break after a workout. It allows the gluten to relax and stretch, resulting in a smooth and even texture. Skipping this step is like jumping into another intense workout without giving your muscles time to recover.

In summary, resting the dough is crucial for making fresh pasta that is easy to work with and has a great texture. Don’t rush this step and give the dough plenty of time to relax and develop gluten strands. Your taste buds will thank you!

Rolling and Cutting the Pasta

Step 4: Roll the Dough

Rolling the dough is a crucial step in making fresh pasta. It’s where you give shape to your pasta and determine its thickness. To roll the dough, you have two options: using a rolling pin or a pasta machine.

If you choose to use a rolling pin, make sure it’s long and sturdy enough to handle the dough. Sprinkle some flour on your work surface and on top of the dough to prevent sticking. Start rolling the dough from the center outward, applying even pressure with both hands. Turn the dough over and repeat the process until you reach the desired thickness.

A pasta machine is another great option for rolling the dough, especially if you want to achieve a consistent thickness throughout. Set the machine to the thickest setting and feed the dough through once. Fold the dough into thirds and feed it through again. Repeat this process several times, gradually reducing the thickness setting until you reach the desired thickness.

When it comes to the thickness of your pasta, it ultimately depends on personal preference and the type of pasta you’re making. For example, thick pasta like pappardelle requires a thicker dough, while delicate pasta like angel hair requires a thinner dough. Generally, a thickness of 1/8 inch is ideal for most types of pasta.

Remember to dust your rolled-out dough lightly with flour to keep it from sticking together. Once the dough is at the desired thickness, it’s ready to be cut into your desired shape using a knife or a pasta cutter attachment for your pasta machine.

By following these steps to roll your dough, you’ll be well on your way to making delicious, homemade pasta that’s perfect for any occasion.

Step 5: Cut the Pasta

Step 5: Cut the Pasta

Cutting the pasta can be the most fun and rewarding part of the process. It’s where you get to see your hard work pay off in beautiful shapes and sizes. The possibilities are endless, but here are three classic shapes to start with: fettuccine, linguine, and tagliatelle.


Fettuccine is a thick, flat noodle that is perfect for creamy sauces or hearty ragùs. To cut fettuccine, simply roll out your dough to the desired thickness and then use a sharp knife or a pasta cutter to slice it into strips about 1/4 inch wide.


Linguine is a long, thin noodle that pairs well with light sauces like olive oil and garlic or simple tomato sauces. To make linguine, follow the same process as for fettuccine but cut the strips slightly thinner, about 1/8 inch wide.


Tagliatelle is a wider noodle than fettuccine but narrower than pappardelle. It’s great for sauces with chunks of meat or vegetables that can cling to the ribbons. To make tagliatelle, cut the dough into strips about 3/8 inch wide.

Experiment with different shapes and sizes to find your favorites. You can also invest in a pasta machine with interchangeable cutters for even more variety. Once your pasta is cut, let it dry for a few hours before cooking in salted boiling water for just a few minutes. Serve with your favorite sauce and enjoy!

Cooking and Serving

Step 6: Cook the Pasta

When it comes to cooking fresh pasta, boiling water is essential. Fill a large pot with water and add a generous amount of salt. The general rule of thumb is to use 4-6 quarts of water for every pound of pasta and about a tablespoon of salt per quart of water.

Why is salt important? It enhances the flavor of the pasta and helps prevent the pasta from sticking together. As the water heats up and boils, add the fresh pasta to the pot. Be sure not to overcrowd the pot – the pasta needs space to cook evenly.

Stir the pasta occasionally to prevent it from sticking together. Fresh pasta typically cooks much faster than dried pasta, so keep an eye on it. Depending on the thickness and shape of the pasta, it may only take 1-3 minutes to cook.

To test if the pasta is done, remove a piece and taste it. It should be cooked but still have some texture or “bite” to it. This is known as al dente, which means “to the tooth” in Italian.

Once the pasta is cooked to your liking, drain it using a colander. Do not rinse the pasta with water, as this will wash away the starches that help the sauce stick to the pasta. Instead, immediately transfer the pasta to a serving dish and toss it with your favorite sauce.

Cooking fresh pasta can seem intimidating at first, but with the right technique and a little bit of practice, you’ll be able to whip up delicious homemade pasta dishes in no time.

Step 7: Serve the Pasta

When it comes to serving fresh pasta, the sauce is crucial for enhancing its flavors and creating a delicious meal. There are many different types of sauces that pair well with pasta, from hearty meat sauces to light and refreshing herb-based sauces.

One classic sauce option is a simple tomato sauce made with fresh or canned tomatoes, garlic, olive oil, and herbs such as basil or oregano. This sauce is perfect for highlighting the flavor of homemade pasta and pairs well with grated parmesan cheese.

Another popular sauce option is a creamy Alfredo sauce made with butter, cream, and parmesan cheese. This rich and indulgent sauce is perfect for special occasions or when you want to impress your guests.

For those looking for a lighter sauce option, a pesto sauce made with fresh herbs such as basil or parsley, pine nuts, garlic, olive oil, and parmesan cheese can be a great choice. This sauce adds a burst of fresh flavor to the dish and pairs well with delicate pasta shapes such as linguine or spaghetti.

No matter which sauce you choose, adding some freshly grated parmesan cheese on top of the pasta can take the dish to the next level. The nutty and salty flavor of parmesan complements the flavors of the pasta and sauce to create a delicious and satisfying meal.

To add an extra pop of freshness to the dish, consider adding some chopped fresh herbs such as basil, parsley, or thyme on top of the pasta. These herbs can add a burst of flavor and color to the dish, making it even more appealing to the eye and taste buds.

Overall, serving fresh pasta with a delicious sauce, grated parmesan cheese, and fresh herbs is a surefire way to impress your guests and create a memorable dining experience. Try experimenting with different sauce options and flavor combinations to find your perfect pairing.
Fresh pasta making is an enjoyable and rewarding activity that requires just a few ingredients and some basic equipment. In this blog post, we have covered the essential steps to make fresh pasta from scratch, including making the dough, rolling and cutting it, and cooking and serving it. By following these steps, you can create delicious homemade pasta in a variety of shapes and sizes that will impress your family and friends.

Making fresh pasta is not just about the taste but also about the experience, connecting with the tradition and culture of Italian cuisine. So next time you want to make a special dinner or surprise your loved ones, don’t hesitate to try making fresh pasta. It might take some practice and patience, but the result is always incredibly satisfying.

In conclusion, making fresh pasta is a way to explore your creativity in the kitchen, experiment with flavors and textures, and most importantly, enjoy the process of cooking. With this guide, you are ready to embark on a culinary adventure that will surely make your taste buds dance!

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