How to Make Arepas: A Step-by-Step Guide

Introduction to Arepas and Their History

Arepas are a staple food in many Latin American countries, particularly in Colombia and Venezuela. They are made from ground maize dough, similar to corn tortillas, but thicker and with a softer texture. Arepas can be eaten on their own or filled with a variety of meats, cheeses, vegetables, or sauces.

The history of arepas dates back to pre-Columbian times when indigenous tribes in what is now Colombia and Venezuela made similar corn-based flatbreads. However, the arepas we know today are believed to have originated in the early 19th century during the Venezuelan War of Independence.

Since then, arepas have become a popular dish in many Latin American countries, and there are many variations in how they are made and served. In Colombia, for example, arepas are often filled with cheese and served for breakfast, while in Venezuela, they are often stuffed with meat or chicken and eaten for lunch or dinner.

Today, arepas can be found in many parts of the world, and they continue to be a beloved and versatile food that can be enjoyed in many different ways.

Ingredients and Equipment Needed to Make Arepas

Making arepas requires only a few simple ingredients and equipment, many of which can be found in most kitchens. Here’s what you’ll need:


  • Pre-cooked white or yellow cornmeal (also known as masarepa)
  • Water
  • Salt
  • Oil or butter for cooking


  • Mixing bowl
  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Wooden spoon or spatula
  • Griddle or non-stick skillet
  • Arepa maker (optional)

When shopping for pre-cooked cornmeal, look for brands that are specifically labeled as “masarepa” or “arepa flour.” Regular cornmeal will not work for making arepas. Water is added to the cornmeal to make a soft dough, which is then shaped into patties.

The griddle or skillet should be heated over medium-high heat before cooking the arepas. Oil or butter can be used to prevent sticking and add flavor. An arepa maker is a specialized tool that can be used to shape and cook arepas, but it is not necessary to make delicious arepas at home.

Preparing the Dough and Shaping the Arepas

To make arepas, start by mixing the pre-cooked cornmeal with water and salt in a mixing bowl. Use a wooden spoon or spatula to combine the ingredients until a soft, pliable dough forms. The dough should not be too dry or too wet.

Next, shape the dough into small balls, about 2-3 inches in diameter. Use your hands to flatten the balls into discs, about 1/2 inch thick. You can also use an arepa maker to shape the dough into patties.

Once the dough is shaped, use your fingers to smooth out any cracks or rough edges on the surface of the arepas. This will help prevent them from falling apart during cooking.

If you’re filling your arepas, add your desired filling to the center of one of the discs. Then, place another disc on top and use your fingers to press the edges together, sealing the filling inside. You can also shape the arepas into half-moons or pockets for stuffing.

If you’re not filling your arepas, simply place the discs on a plate or cutting board and get ready to cook them. The shaped dough can also be refrigerated or frozen for later use if you’re not planning on cooking all the arepas at once.

Cooking the Arepas to Perfection

Cooking the arepas is a crucial step to getting them just right. Here are some tips to help you cook perfect arepas:

1. Use the right heat: Heat a non-stick skillet or griddle over medium-high heat until hot. The skillet should be hot enough to sizzle when the arepas are added.

2. Oil the pan: Add a little oil or butter to the skillet to prevent sticking and add flavor.

3. Cook the arepas: Add the shaped arepas to the skillet and cook for 5-7 minutes on each side, or until they are golden brown and crispy on the outside. You can also use an arepa maker to cook the arepas, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

4. Finish in the oven: If your arepas are thick or you’re cooking a large batch, you may want to finish them in the oven to ensure they’re fully cooked. Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C) and transfer the cooked arepas to a baking sheet. Bake for an additional 10-15 minutes, or until they’re cooked through.

5. Keep them warm: If you’re cooking a large batch of arepas, you can keep them warm in a low oven or a warming drawer until you’re ready to serve.

Remember to keep an eye on the heat while cooking your arepas to prevent burning. And don’t be afraid to experiment with different cooking methods and techniques to find the one that works best for you.

Serving Suggestions and Variations of Arepas

Arepas are a versatile food that can be enjoyed in many different ways. Here are some serving suggestions and variations to try:

1. Filling options: Arepas can be filled with a variety of ingredients, including shredded chicken, beef, pork, or vegetables like beans, avocado, and cheese.

2. Toppings: Add your favorite toppings to your arepas, such as salsa, guacamole, sour cream, or hot sauce.

3. Breakfast arepas: Fill your arepas with scrambled eggs, bacon, cheese, and avocado for a delicious breakfast option.

4. Sweet arepas: Add sugar and cinnamon to the dough for a sweet version of arepas, or fill them with sweet ingredients like Nutella, fruit, or dulce de leche.

5. Arepa sandwiches: Use arepas as a substitute for bread in your favorite sandwich recipe.

6. Arepa burgers: Make a burger with an arepa bun, ground beef, cheese, lettuce, and tomato.

7. Arepa appetizers: Cut the arepas into small pieces and top with your favorite toppings for a delicious appetizer.

Arepas are a delicious and easy-to-make food that can be enjoyed in many different ways. Experiment with different fillings, toppings, and variations to find your favorite way to enjoy them.

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